Environmental Conditions in the Arctic

Ice Break-up
There are two different aspects to the arctic environment: the physical environment and the ecological environment. These two components are linked together and as a result, affect each other. Probably the most prominent physical component is the abundance of snow and ice for a large part of the year. For the people and animals who live in the arctic, the ice conditions have an enormous impact on biological activity, accessibility, and lifestyle.

Pond Inlet
The arctic is a unique setting in which ecological activity is both accelerated and slowed down. Biological activity during the short summer season is heightened, while cold weather during the rest of the year slows other biological processes such as decomposition and absorption. Due to the decreased break-down rates, the accumulation of pollutants and contaminants in the arctic is a major problem. The arctic therefore becomes a dumping ground as many of these pollutants from around the world become concentrated in the land and water.

Auyuittuq National Park Reserve
Spread across the arctic are special areas in which both the physical and ecological components of the north are preserved. These areas not only provide beautiful areas for viewing the scenery and the wildlife, but also act as valuable sources of information in efforts to preserve the arctic environment.

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