Metis: Mixed Blood
The meaning of the word Métis is a French word actually that means "mixed blood". When you talk about Métis, the first bloodline is the North American Indian bloodline, no matter where you live. It’s the mixture of the different cultures for us here in Alberta.
For most of us here in Northern Alberta, the first bloodline is Cree. So a lot of our people speak Cree and then it mixes with the first European's that came to the west here. So a lot of French and Scottish came west with the fur trade with the Hudson Bay and the Northwest company. So a lot of names that you hear like Desjarlais, DeLaronde, and Chartrand.
Those are your French mixtures with the different bloodlines with the First Nations. Then like for myself, I’m a Donald. So I come from a Scottish side and then there’s McDonald's and all the way down the line from there. I mean our names usually come from the European side but our first bloodlines come from the First Nations.
The following stories are by Lyle Donald.
This digital collection was produced with financial assistance from Canada's Digital Collections Initiative, Industry Canada.