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Rinderpest, also known as cattle plague, is a contagious viral disease affecting mainly cattle and buffalo. Classical signs of the disease include fever, erosive lesions in the mouth, discharge from the nose and eyes, profuse diarrhea, and dehydration. The mortality rate can reach 100 per cent in a susceptible cattle herd. Cattle and buffalo are highly susceptible to rinderpest and are the most common species affected. However, many other species of wild and domestic cloven-footed animals, including sheep and goats, may show milder symptoms of the disease if infected.

In Canada, rinderpest is a reportable disease under the Health of Animals Act, and all cases must be reported to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

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