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Causes of Food Poisoning

Allergy Alerts and Food RecallsFood Safety Tips | Specific Products and Risks

Food contaminated by bacteria, viruses and parasites (foodborne pathogens) can make you sick. Some people can have foodborne illness, also known as "food poisoning", and not even know they have it. Many people experience nauseau, vomiting and diarrhea. You should see a doctor as soon as possible if you think you have a foodborne illness.

The Government of Canada estimates that there are about 11 million cases of foodborne illness in Canada every year. Many foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following these safe food-handling practices: cook, clean, chill and separate. For more information, read about Canada's 10 Least Wanted Foodborne Pathogens.

Common Causes of Food Poisoning

Other Foodborne Pathogens

If you believe a product presents a health and safety risk, you can report a potential food safety incident to the CFIA:

You can report any concerns about restaurant food to your local inspection authority. If they determine that food (rather than on-site preparation) appears to be the likely cause of illness, they will contact the CFIA to initiate an investigation.